In brief, President Abraham Lincoln’s great grandfather’s name was John Lincoln. John’s half-brother was named Abraham Lincoln; he married Ann Boone, cousin of Daniel Boone (through Squire Boone’s brother, James Boone and Anne Griffith); John’s full sister Anne Lincoln married and their son William Tallman (President Abraham Lincoln’s great aunt and uncle), Benjamin Tallman married Dianah Boone. The Lincoln family is ‘connected’ with the Boones by marriage; and the Boone’s are ‘connected with the Scholls by marriage. The Boone’s are connected with the Gamel’s in that 1 of Daniel Boone’s daughter’s married 1 of Abraham Scholl’s sons, and a neice of Daniel Boone married another of Abraham Scholl’s sons. Abraham Scholl is a direct ancestor with the Gamel line as the great, great grandfather of the author’s husband, John C. Gamel. There is a direct common ancestor, with the Boone’s and Scholls (and thus this Gamel line) in that the Boone’s and the Scholl’s shared common grand parents. The Boone’s and the Lincoln famiies, were related by marriage but have no common blood line with this Gamel line. – Now, “hang on” because a direct ancestor of the Andes (the author’s maiden name’s family), namely Adam Miller, had a business ‘affiliation’ with these same Lincoln relatives. Sarah Boone, the sister of Squire Boone (Daniel Boone’s father), married a Jacob Stover. This Stover had land dealings in the Shenandoah with Adam Miller, 1726-27, and thereafter. See Miller #2 History – 2nd Generation: Adam Miller and read his history.
The history of the Lincoln family is relavent to this author in that the same John Lincoln mentioned above as President Abraham Lincoln’s great grandfather, moved from Pennsylvania to Rockingham County, Virginia, where he lived to remainder of his life. Therefore, this line will be written about in full below because the Lincoln’s, also lived in the same county as the early Andes Family (Early Andes Family – Wilhelm Andes and Andrew Andes), the Miller Families (Miller Family #1 and Miller Family #2), and the Wine Family – all these are from the ‘other side of this family’ – the Andes side. With this history, one realizes that all these people (from the early Andes, with Millers, Wines and from the early Scholls and Boones [the Gamel side] along with their familes) were all in Rockingham County/Augusta County during the same dates in early Virginia history – 1726 on. We now know there were land dealings between the familes (Milllers and Boone/Stover). So far as church affiliations, the Lincolns were Quakers. Early on in the Shenandoah, the Quaker meeting places were documented by early writings as to their placement. They were located in close proximity to the Millers, and their friends which had traveled to the valley also. The Millers were ‘German Baptist type’/ called Church of the Brethren/Mennonite (these terms appear to be used interchangably) and the Andes were Brethren/Mennonite, as were the early Wines. We know Indian wars, the Revolutionary War and the Civil War all involved this critical Valley of Shenandoah. The homes of these families were commonly near critical battle areas. They may have fought side by side, joined in combat, as settlers sought safety from Indian presence of the Valley, or in the wars that followed. It is already known the Boones and the Scholls fought together against the Indians, Daniel losing his son, Israel, with Abraham Scholl @ his side, as he gave firing protection for his father, Daniel Boone, in the battle of “Blue Licks”.
1st Generation: Robert Lincoln m. Johanna Bawdive
2nd Generation: Robert Lincoln, Jr. m. Margaret Alberye
3rd Generation: Robert Lincoln m. Elizabeth Remching
4th Generation: Edward Lincoln m. Bridgett Gilman
5th Generation: Samuel Lincoln m. Martha Lyford
6th Generation: Mordecai Lincoln m. Sarah Jones
7th Generation: Modecai Lincoln m. Mary?, and Hannah Salter
8th Generation: John (“Virginia John”) Lincoln m. Rebecca Flowers
(8th Generation: Sarah Lincoln married William Boone)
(8th Generation: Abraham Lincoln m. Ann Boone)
(8th Generation: Anne Lincoln m. William Tallman -> child Benjamin Tallman m. Dianah Boone)
9th Generation: Abraham Lincoln m. Bathsheba Herring
10th Generation: Thomas Lincoln m. Nancy Hanks
11th Generation: President Abraham Lincoln m. Mary Todd
1st Generation: Robert Lincoln married Johanna Bawdiven
Robert Lincoln, Sr. (d. 1543) in Hangham, Norfolk, England. He was married to Johanna Bawdiven. One child is known of: Robert Lincoln, Jr, d. 1556 Hingham, England.
2nd Generation: Robert Lincoln married Margaret Alberye
Robert Lincoln was of Hingham, England, for it is there he died. He had married Margaret Alberye. Their children were: Richard Lincoln, b. aft 1554, John Lincoln, B. abt. 1554, d. 1622.
3rd Generation: Richard Lincoln married Elizabeth Remching
Richard Lincoln was born after 1554. Her married Elizabeth Remching. Their son in this descent was Edward Lincoln, b. abt. 1575, d. 1638, Hangham, Norfolk, England.
4th Generation: Edward Lincoln married Bridgett Gilman
Edward Lincoln was born about 1575 and died 1638/9 in Hangham, Norfolk, England. He married Bridgett Gilman about 1600, daughter of Edward Gilman. Their recorded child is Samuels Lincoln, born about 1619 in England; died 26 May 1690, in Hingman, Massachusetts. His lineage continues below.
5th Generation: Samuel Lincoln married Martha Lyford
Samuel Lincoln was born about 1619 in England; he died 26 May 1690 in Hangham, Massachusetts. His wife was Martha Lyford, daughter of John Lyford and Sarah Unknown. Martha was born after 10 April 1693 in Hangham, Massachusetts. Their recorded child is Mordecai Lincoln, as follows below.
6th Generation: Mordecai Lincoln married Sarah Jones
Mordecai Lincoln was born 14 June 1657 in Hangham, Massachusetts. He married Sarah Jones, the daughter of Abraham Jones and Sarah Whitman, about 1684, in Hingham, Massachusetts or in 1685 in Hull, MA. Sarah was born 1660 in Hingham, Hull, Plymouth, Massachusetts. Their union brought the following children: Mordecai (b. 24 April 1686, d. Dec. 1736), Abraham (b. 13 January 1689), Isaac (b. 21 October 1691, and Sarah (b. 9 July 1694). It is from Mordecai that the Lincoln line continues. Mordecai Lincoln died 28 Nov 1727; his wife Sarah died 1708.
7th Generation: Mordecai Lincoln married Hanna Salter, married Mary Unknown
Mordecai Lincoln, born 24 April 1686 in Hingham, MA., and his brother Abraham, 3 years his junior, moved from Massachusetts to Monmouth County, New Jersey. Here he married Hanna Salter (b. 1692) about 1714, in Monmouth Co., New Jersey. She was the grand-daughter of Captain John Bowne, b. 1630, d. 1684; see this link. Modecai’s first son he named ‘John’. Lincoln and his family moved to Eastern Pennsylvania, where Hannah died about 1727. Mordecai married again to Mary Unknown, whom he mentioned in his will, along with his children. From his marriage with Hanna Salter the following children had been born: John Lincoln (born 1716, from whom this lineage descends), Thomas Lincoln (according to heritagecenter.com resource), Hannah Lincoln (b. 8 Aug 1719, m. Thomas Millard), Mary Lincoln (b. 27 Sept 1720, m. Francis Farnall), Ann Lincoln (married William Tallman; their child Benjamin Tallman married Dianah Boone), Sarah Lincoln (b. 1724, m. William Boone). The last 2 children, Mordecai Lincoln and Abraham Lincoln were children born from Mordecai Lincoln’s second wife, Mary. Their son Mordecai Lincoln was born 1730 and their last, Abraham Lincoln (b. 18 Oct 1736, PA) married 10 July 1760 to Ann Boone (b. 14 April 1737, d. 4 April 1807). This family had remained in the the Massachusetts and New Jersey area. The son which descends to President Abraham Lincoln, John Lincoln, was the ancestor which moved on into Virginia. The connection with the Gamel line is strong with this generation of the Lincolns, as there are 2 which married into the Boone family. And the following generation of “Virginia John” Lincoln, then leads into the same great valley of the Shenandoah River, within a few miles of the Andes, Millers and the Wine familes, to make that connection.
8th Generation: John (“Virginia John”) Lincoln married Rebecca Flowers
This is the generation which moves into the Shenandoah Valley. He is the one which shows that this Lincoln family, ancestors of Abraham Lincoln, were in the same Valley as the Boones, and the Scholls; all these families were there [from these Gamel connections/ancestors] at the same time as the author’s families of the Andes, Miller, and the Wine families. John Lincoln was the firstborn child to his parents, Mordecai and Hanna Salter. He was born 3 May 1716 in Freehold, Monmouth Co., NJ. He was the great grandfather of the future President Abraham Lincoln. He married Rebecca Flowers, born 30 March 1720, on 5 July 1743. Rebecca was the daughter of Enoch Flowers and Rebecca Bardard. The Flowers had migrated with neighbors from New Jersey through Berks, Pennsylvania and onto Virginia, settling in the Linville Creek community. His sister Ann and her husband, William Tallman (whose son Benjamen would eventually marry Dianah Boone) also settled in the same region at or about the same time as her brother.
John Lincoln was a Baptist and closely connected and associated with the Linville and Smiths Creek congregations. He was an industrious, thrifty man and added many acres to his original land purchase. His first two houses were of logs, the first one being destroyed by fire; the third one was of brick and joins up at the rear of the brick house built later by his son Jacob.
The children of John and Rebecca Flowers were as follows:
1. Abraham Lincoln, b. 1744, d. 1786-8 in Kentucky. Married Bathsheba Herring.
2. Hannah Lincoln (twin of Lylia Lincoln), b. 1748, d. 1802. Married John Harrison
3. Lydia Lincoln (twin of Hannah Lincoln), b. 1748. Married a ‘Bryan’; unmarried @ death of her father 1788.
4. Isaac Lincoln, b. 1750, d. 1816 @ Watauga, Tennessee
5. Jacob Lincoln, b. 1751, d. 1822. Married Dorcas Robinson; both buried in Linville, Virginia
6. John Lincoln, b. 1755, d. 1835 @ Lebanon, Ohio. Married Mary Yarnell; both buried @ Lebanon, Ohio
7. Sara Lincoln, b. 1757. Mariied a ‘Dean’.
8. Thomas Lincoln, b. 1761, d. 1819 near Lexinton, Kentucky. Married Elizabeth Cosne.
9. Rebecca Lincoln, b. 1767, d. 1840 near Greenville, Tennessee. Married John Rymel, 1786.
John Lincoln’s original land purchase was dated 22 Jun 1768 and consisted of 600 acres, a part of a 1200 acre grant originally of McKay, Duff, Green and Hite (patented 26 March 1739), and finally from the descands of Robert McKay. “Virginia John” Lincoln deeded 210 acres of this land, as a gift, to Abraham, his son; eventually, @ his death, he willed 200 acres to another son Thomas Lincoln, and for his widow also a tract of the home ‘plantation’ (to go after his widow’s death to his daughter Rebecca Rymel). John Lincoln died in 1788, after an active and useful life. – Shorty after his father’s death, Thomas Lincoln, his son, sold his share of the family property to his brother Jacob Lincoln; Thomas then moved on during the following year to Kentucky.
John Lincoln left behind a his wife, now called “The Widow Rebecca”. Following her husband’s death she lived with her daughter, Hannah Harrison. At the time Jacob Lincoln took possession of the family home and property, Rebecca was 70 years old (1790). Hannah, with whom Rebecca had lived, apparently had developed health problems, while in her 50, and shortly before Hannah’s death, Rebecca Lincoln moved in with her other daughter and husband, John and Rebecca Rymel (3 Aug 1803). They had been willed the family plantation by John Lincoln should Rebecca die. They cared for Rebecca until her death, 21 July 1806.
9th Generation: Abraham Lincoln married Bethsheba Herring
In 1744, Abraham Lincoln, grandfather of President Lincoln, was born in Berks County, Pennsylvania, the first child of “Virginia John” and Rebecca Lincoln. Abraham traveled from Pennsylvania, to Virginia with his parents, where his other brothers and sister eventually were also born. Abraham Lincoln was deeded 210 acres from his father’s original 600 acre tract, on 12 Aug 1773, @ his age of abt. 29 years old. (At this land’s sale later in 1780, the location of this land was described as ‘lying or being on the north side of Linville Creek’.) He became known as “the Captain”, Captain Lincoln, about this same time. “He was a captain of Militia as shown by an order of tithables to be taken in the various companies in Augusta County, 20 Aug 1777, one in which he was the Captain.” (1)
He met his wife Bathsheba Herring in Virginia, and they married on 9 June 179? (date unintelligible or absent). Apparently there was great opposition on the part of Bathsheba’s father, Alexander Herring. Bathsheba was the only daughter, and the “chief joy of her widower father who looked with scorn upon the alliance, and gave her the choice of giving up her lover or being disinherited. The high spirited woman did not hesitate..” She “married the man she loved, and she and her husband lived on in Linville Creek”, Virginia “until about 1780. A son, Thomas Lincoln, was born Ca. 5 Jan 1778 or 20 Jan 1780; records vary.
Per land records for Rockingham County, VA, beginning on 12 Feb 1780, Abraham and Bathsheba Lincoln sold 250 acres of the land Abraham had been gifted by his father, to a Michael Shanks and John Reuf; the transaction was ‘proved’ 26 June 1780.
After this time on 4 March 1780, Abraham Lincoln and his family are found in Kentucky, where land records show Abraham Lincoln had already secured through 3 warrants a total of 1200 acres.
“In his short biography, written out of regard to his old friend, Hon. Jesse W. Fell, and not for publication”, President Lincoln said the following: “My parents were born in Virginia. My parental grandfather, Abraham Lincoln [8th Generation], immigrated from Rockingham County, Virginia to Kentucky about 1781 or 2, when a year or two later he was killed by the Indians, not in battle but by a stealth when he was laboring to open a farm in the forest. My father at the death of his father, was but six years old, and he literally grew up without education.” (1)
Reference #1 below gives his final place of death as in Pennsylvania, about 1786-88, and administration of his estate granted in Nelson County, Kentucky, 14 Oct 1788. Abraham Lincoln’s land was in Jefferson County, KY. Following his death, his widow removed to Washington County, KY, with her family, where she was residing in 1792. She died in 1836.
10th Generaton: Thomas Lincoln married Nancy Hanks
Thomas Lincoln was born in Rockingham County, Virginia, on dates either 5 Jan 1778 or 20 Jan 1780. He moved with his parents to Kentucky when just an infant or a toddler. Of any other siblings in this family, Wikipedia gives the following, all born before Thomas:
1. Modecai Lincoln, b. 1771, d. ?
2. Mary Lincoln, b. Ca 1773, Rockingham County, VA, d. ?
3. Josiah Lincoln, b. 10 July 1776, Virginia, d.?
4. Nancy Lincoln, b. 1780, d. ?, or Ann Lincoln, b. 25 March, 1780, Linville Creek, VA, d. ?
5. Thomas Lincoln, b. 20 Jan 1780, d. (2)
As in the short biography told by Thomas’ future son, President Abraham Lincoln, at the age of 6, he apparently had witnessed the Indian’s killing his father, when in Pennsylvania… ” ‘â€¦when he was laboring to open a farm in the forest’. That fall, his mother moved the family to Washington County, Kentucky (near Springfield), where Thomas lived until the age of eighteen. From 1795 to 1802, Thomas held a variety of jobs in several locations. These jobs increased his earning power and helped to feed the Lincoln family.
Thomas held a variety of jobs in several locations, jobs that increased his earning power and helped to feed the Lincoln family. In 1802 he moved to Hardin County, Kentucky, where one year later, he purchased a 238-acre farm. Four years later, on June 12, 1806, he married Nancy Hanks. Their first child, a daughter named Sarah, was born a year later. In 1808, Thomas bought a 300-acre farm on Nolin Creek. There, on February 12, 1809, his son Abraham was born. A third child, named Thomas, died in infancy. Thomas was active in community and church affairs in Hardin County. He served as a jury member, a petitioner for a road, and as a guard for county prisoners. He could read a little, was a skilled carpenter, and was a property owner. In 1815 he purchased for cash, still another farm, the Knob Creek farm. This Knob Creek farm was the first home Abraham Lincoln could remember in later life. Dozens of Kentucky farmers, along with Thomas, fell victim to Kentucky’s chaotic land laws. The title to each of the three farms he had purchased proved to be defective. He lost land or money in each case and in disgust moved to Indiana in December 1816. There, the land ordinance of 1785 ensured that land once purchased and paid for was retained. Abraham Lincoln claimed many years later that his father’s move from Kentucky to Indiana was ‘partly on account of slavery, but chiefly on account of the difficulty of land titles in Kentucky.’ Slavery was outlawed in Indiana. It is interesting to know that in Hardin County, Kentucky, there were 1007 slaves and only 1627 white males over the age of 16 in the year 1811. The Little Mount Separate Baptist Church separated with the Regular Baptist Church over the issue of slave ownership. Thomas Lincoln, a carpenter, farmer, and laborer was forced to compete for wages against wageless workers.
In Indiana, the Lincolns settled near Little Pigeon Creek in what was then Perry County, later part of Spencer County. Here, Thomas farmed and sold his skills as a carpenter. He put his unusually strong and tall eight-year-old son to work â€“planting, harvesting, cabin building, and wielding an axe. Autumn frosts of 1818 had already colored the foliage of the huge trees of oak, hickory, and walnut when Nancy Lincoln became desperately ill. She was stricken with milk sickness, a poisoning caused by the plant, white snakeroot. Cows occasionally ate this abundant weed and passed the poison on in their milk. People who drank this poisoned milk or ate its products faced death. October 5. 1818. Nancy died. Abraham, her son, was only 9 @ the time.
Left without a wife and mother for his children, the resourceful Thomas remarried on December 2, 1819. However, he had spent 2 to 6 months away from his children, during this time, in the care of a 20 yr. old cousin. Upon his return with his new wife, his found his remaining 2 children dirty and poorly cared for. He chose a widow from Elizabethtown, Kentucky, Sarah Bush Johnston. Thomas and Sarah, united their two families. Sarah’s three children, Elizabeth, Matilda, and John, joined Abraham, Sarah, and cousin Dennis Hanks to make a new family of eight. Besides trading his carpentry skills, managing a farm, and looking after his family, Thomas found time during the next few years of his life in Indiana to assist in building the Little Pigeon Baptist Church, become a member of the church, and serve as church trustee. By 1827, Thomas realized his dream by becoming the outright owner of 100 acres of Indiana land.
Fear of white snakeroot poisoning, news of the fertile Illinois soil, and the possible breakup of his family, lured Thomas westward in March 1830. Thomas sold his Indiana land and moved first to Macon County, Illinois, and eventually to Coles County in 1831. His son Abraham left home to make his way the world during the family’s move to Coles County. Thomas Lincoln remained a resident of the county for the rest of his life.
Thomas Lincoln’s status as a respectable, responsible, and talented citizen is now secure from his detractors. He, no doubt, did leave a mark on his famous son. Thomas was by all accounts well liked by his neighbors and he was a good storyteller, as was his son. Thomas’ evident dislike of slavery created an atmosphere in Lincoln’s youth that would allow Abraham to say many years later that he could not remember a time when he was not antislavery in sentiment. The house where Thomas Lincoln died in 1851, and where his widow died in 1869, stood three miles from Shiloh Cemetery where they are buried. Thomas Lincoln had reached the age of 73 years. He and his family had lived in the states of Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois. He had paid his taxes regularly, and left no unpaid debts behind him. He was a good man, a good husband, and a good father.”(3)
11th Generation: President Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd
The history of President Abraham Lincoln will be mostly dealt with in this family website, by reviewing what events surrounded him that were family related, from this early life and on.
The man who preserved the Union and issued the Emancipation Proclamation came into the world on February 12, 1809. Abraham Lincoln was born in humble surroundings, a one-room log cabin with dirt floors in Hardin County, Kentucky. His father, Thomas Lincoln, could not read and could barely sign his name. He was a stern man whom young Abe never liked very much. Himself born to impoverished parents, Thomas Lincoln was a farmer and carpenter who moved the family from rural Kentucky to frontier Indiana when young Abe was seven years old. Thomas built a crude 360-square foot log cabin where he lived with his wife, Abe, and elder daughter, Sarah.” (4)
“Lincoln’s mother, the illegitimate Nancy Hanks, died when Lincoln was only nine years old. Although Lincoln later said that he owed everything to her guidance, he seldom mentioned her in his conversation or writings.” (4). After her death, he was left for some months with his sister, a cousin caring for them without real skills to do so properly. His father married Sarah Bush Johnston shortly after Nancy’s death, and young Abe [fortunately] immediately bonded with his stepmother. “A bright woman, she encouraged Abe’s education, and took his side in the frequent arguments the young boy had with his father.”(4) His step mother who had entered his life, also had children who became part Abe’s life as well, and for his step-mother to have supported him in his educational desire, was crucial.
“Rural life was difficult in America’s frontier during the early 1800s. Poverty, farm chores, hard work, and reading by the light of the fireplace dominated young Abe’s life until he was seventeen, when he found work on a ferryboat. Enjoying the river, he built a flatboat two years later and ran a load of farm produce down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. Selling the boat for its timber, he then walked home via the Natchez Trace. Upon reaching home he dutifully, but resentfully, gave his full earnings to his father.” (4) And during this time, at age 18, Abraham lost his soul-mate, his only blood sister, Sarah.
“When Abe was twenty-one, the family again moved, this time to Illinois just west of Decatur. The father and son built another log cabin not much bigger than the one they had lived in before. Following this move, Abe built a second flatboat and made another run down river, but this time as an independent operator. After that haul, he lived on his own, moving to the town of New Salem, Illinois in 1831.” (4)
At this point, the author of this site recommends the reader to click on the link below (4) and continue to read about President Abraham Lincoln, which is history any citizen of this great United States should review every now and then. But for this site’s purposes, his history ends here. And continues with the Boones and the Scholls, Scholls being directly related to this author’s husband.
1. Web site reference through ‘Heritage Center”; click on this link. – Note – most of all the information the generations from 1st through 8-9th, is mostly from this site.
2. Wikipedia, on line resource.
3. National Parks Service – emminant domain. Click for site link.
4. Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia – click on this for link.